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The Terms of Cyberbullying 



The authors of the accompanying article assembled a glossary of cyberbullying terminology.

CYBERBULLYING: Nancy Willard, one of the foremost experts on student technology practices, defines this as sending or posting harmful messages or engaging in other forms of social aggression using the Internet or other digital technologies. She also defines the specific types of cyberbullying behaviors that follow.

FLAMING: a heated interaction in a “public” setting.

HARASSMENT: one-sided sending of insulting messages to a target online or through texting. This may include one or more individuals sending insulting messages to one target.

IMPERSONATION: when someone poses as another person online to denigrate that person. The perpetrator pretends to be someone else, obtains the victim’s password and sends hurtful messages to others. The imposter also could change the victim’s personal information on social networking sites.

DENIGRATION: derogatory and untrue information about a person posted on a webpage or sent through e-mail or instant messaging. For example, websites where students write nasty comments about other students.

EXCLUSION: when someone is either not included within an online social group or the person perceives he or she is not included. Examples include being excluded from a “buddy list” or not being invited to join a password-protected online environment. Exclusion also is perceived when someone does not respond quickly to a text message.

OUTED: when someone shares information or images with others that is considered to be personal or private. This includes forwarding an e-mail that contains embarrassing information.

TRICKERY: similar to outing and means someone was fooled into revealing personal and private information and then such information is shared with others without the victim’s knowledge or permission.

CYBERSTALKING: occurs when technological devices are used to harass or make threats to harm another person.

SEXTING: refers to sending sexually explicit messages or photos electronically, primarily between cell phones.


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